To relieve a disease or clot in heart of the human body, sophisticated surgeries are performed. It includes both bypass surgery and open heart surgery as well. But the two surgeries distinguish from each other a lot.
Open heart surgery can be defined in simple words as all surgeries that start with the opening of the heart. The opening of chest region to access the heart is what the word ‘open’ in ‘open heart surgery’ means. To open the chest are small incisions are made and then the heart is operated. This type of surgery is called open heart surgery even though medical science in the world has advanced exponentially. The opening of the heart is not necessarily done in open heart surgery. Open heart surgery may operate on Arteries, valves, muscles of heart etc. in the chest area.
When the blood in the blood in the arteries of the heart are impaired then coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is done to the heart. When arteries bringing blood to the heart increase in thickness due to the collection of plaque then the blood flow of the arteries becomes impaired. Accumulation fat and cholesterol in the arteries leads to the collection of plaque. The blood flow is disturbed due to this plaque. The blocked area is literally bypassed by bypass surgery.
Open heart surgery has many types and one of those types is the bypass surgery. Coronary angioplasty, heart transplant are other types of open-heart surgery. Open heart method may or may not be applied in bypass surgery. Less invasive technologies are now available to perform bypass surgery as breakthroughs in medical science are happening every day. The method to be chosen for heart surgery will depend on the expertise of heart specialists that are there or nearby the patient. The health of the patient should also be kept in the mind while deciding the method to be used for surgery.
A blood vessel is grafted on the coronary artery that has a blockage or if the amount of plaque is high and is taken from either chest or leg. The blood flow becomes smooth after the bypassing of the artery. The blockage of the artery is removed completely and blood flow becomes smooth. A resting position is given to the heart while going through bypass surgery. Another heart and lung machine are used during the time that the operation is conducted. This is done so that the circulation of blood in the human body is maintained throughout the body.
Surgeries like bypass surgery and open heart surgery are termed by doctors, life-saving surgeries. Reading this passage we get to know that when chest area is opened by doing small incisions on the chest area and literally opening the chest. And we also get to know that bypass surgery can be performed by open heart method or less invasive ways could also be used.